Most people assume that science and God are contrary. As such, many atheists resort to science in a bid to prove that God doesn’t exist. However, even science is inadequate in answering some questions that have confounded philosophers for thousands of years. For instance, is the universe eternal and infinite? And why does the universe exist in the first place? For the most part, such questions can only lead the seeker of truth back to the source – God.
God encoded proof of his existence in the tapestry of creation that anyone who genuinely seeks the truth will have no reason to doubt God’s existence. We can divide proof of God’s existence into four – cosmological proof, intelligent design, complex design, presence of morality, and historical evidence.
Let us look at each of these in more detail below.
Cosmos is the Greek word for universe and cosmology is therefore the study of the universe. There is no denying that the universe is incredible in its design and features. The question begs – where did the universe come from? There are three possible explanations:
- The universe always existed – this explanation wouldn’t hold water because actual infinities are impossible.
- The universe happened out of the blues – this wouldn’t make a lot of sense because it contravenes the law of casualty which states that an event is usually caused by another event.
- The universe was created – the third explanation of the universe is that it was created by a superior force.
Modern philosophy, astronomy, and physics all agree that the universe had a beginning. And the beginning of the universe can only be said to have been caused by a transcendent being who lives outside our space/time continuum. Since the most plausible explanation for the existence of the universe is creation by a superior power, it makes sense to conclude that the universe was created by God.
The Mona Lisa painting exists because it was painted by an artist. Michelangelo
Art pieces exist because he sculptured them. Such is the way of life. Something astounding cannot exist unless there is someone or something more astounding behind it.
Anyone who studies the universe will agree that intelligent design is on full display – almost as proof of an intelligent designer behind it. From the molecular level all the way to the galaxies, great design is showcased in the universe.
A good illustration of this is how planet Earth is located in a very hostile environment. The other plants in the solar system are inhabitable and space is full of meteors that could easily end life on Earth as we know it. Interestingly, science continually proves how Earth has been fine-tuned for life due to what scientists refer to as “anthropic constants.” Comparing Earth to the other planets almost creates the impression that the universe was specially designed for life.
Complexity can be of two types – ordered and specified. Ordered complexity doesn’t have as much information as specified complexity. An example of ordered complexity is the natural complexity we see in a snowflake or a crystal. An example of specified complexity is the complex plot you would find in a novel. For an object to qualify for specified complexity, it must be very difficult to reproduce it by chance and it must also match an independently given pattern.
One of the evidences of complex design is in the structure of the the DNA. The DNA continents have so much complexity. For instance, it is composed of four base-pair nucleotides that from a specific language. These nucleotides have so much information a one single cell can have enough information to fill up to a thousand encyclopedias. Subsequently, if each strand of the DNA could be unwound, it would be at least 10 feet in length. And this is just the DNA alone. There are many more illustrations of complex designs in nature. With such complex designs on display, it can only point to an even more complex being – in this case, God.
The presence of morality
Atheists argue that transcendent and absolute morals do not exist because they do not believe in God. They hold the view that morals are relative depending on each person’s perspective and cultural background. To the atheist, any human behavior is governed by natural laws that serve no divine purpose. They believe that the existence of morality stemmed from early man’s desire to survive and coexist in society.
However, there is a pertinent question around morality and that is – where did humans get their moral standards from? There must be an explanation beyond natural law because one of the differentiating factors between animals and humans is their ability to develop moral codes that define right and wrong.
The notion of a universe governed by chance events and naturalistic forces doesn’t explain how personal moral standards arise in human beings. The reality is if God didn’t exist, there wouldn’t be objective moral objectives and values.
History is one of the proofs that God is real. For instance, a lot of things in the Bible can be proved by studying history. For instance, the suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus can be confirmed not just by reading the Bible but many other historical documents. The historical evidence of Jesus exists in many Roman and Jewish writings as well as lots of Christian writings. According to the Guardian, there is more historical evidence of the life and ministry of Jesus than there is of King Arthur who lived around 500 AD, and very little was said of him.
One of the first non-Christian writings to document the story of Jesus was the record of Flavius Josephus who was a Jewish Historian. Josephus wrote a history of the Jewish people in AD93 and had two references to Jesus of Nazareth. In one of these mentions, he mentions James and calls him the “brother of Jesus, the so-called Christ.” 20 years after Josephus’ documentation, two Roman politicians (Tacitus and Pliny) document how Jesus was executed while Pontius Pilate was the Roman Prefect over Judea. Pliny also noted how Christians worshiped Christ as their God. Both Pliny and Tacitus hated Christians and so they only documented Jesus for historical purposes.
The above are some of the important proofs that God is real. Even without referring to the Bible, there is enough evidence of God’s existence around us. Apostle Paul reckons that no one is without excuse (for not believing in God) because God has openly displayed his presence in creation (Romans 1:20-21).